Here is a list of the main and what they play in the human body:
Essential amino acids:
1. Phenylalanine (Fen): production of noradrenaline, epinephrine, and dopamine. Fundamental to the proper functioning of memory, regulation of appetite, learning and a good mood.
2.Histidine (His): is part of hemoglobin (red blood cells) and defenses (white blood cells), is essential for child growth. Derivative in histamine that intervenes in the immune balance.
3. Isoleucine (Iso): is part of hemoglobin, regulates blood sugar and is essential to increase energy and muscular endurance. Sources: almonds, cashews, eggs, legumes, cereals, seaweed, and soy.
4.Leucine (Leu): contribute to the healing of tissues and bones. It lowers blood sugar and is critical for increasing energy and muscular endurance. It also increases the production of growth hormone (GH). Its excess can produce uric acid or hypoglycemia. Sources: meats, nuts, cereals, and legumes.
5. Lysine (Lys): Maintains calcium and nitrogen levels. It participates in the formation of collagen, sex hormones and in the metabolism of triglycerides. It acts as antiviral, especially in the case of herpes.
6. Methionine (Met): Collaborates in the degradation of fats, so it avoids excess cholesterol in arteries and fat accumulation in the liver. It is a great antioxidant and acts as a cleanser as it helps eliminate toxins such as lead.
7.Treonine (Tre): formation of collagen, dental enamel, and elastin, fat metabolism, preventing it from accumulating in the liver. It promotes digestion and absorption of nutrients, as well as the production of antibodies.
8.Tryptophan (Tri): participates in the production of niacin (vitamin B3), and in the production of serotonin, the neurotransmitter of the nervous system and regulator of sleep and mood.
9.Valina (Val): muscular functioning and tissue healing. It regulates the amount of nitrogen in the body and provides a good mental and emotional balance. Recommended in cases of muscle injuries and emotional disturbances.
Non-essential amino acids:
10.Aspartic acid (Asp): extra energy, highly recommended in sportsmen.
11.Glutamine acid or glutamate (Glu): essential for neuronal excitation. Relieves fatigue and helps eliminate ammonia.
12.Alanine (Ala): is involved in the metabolism of glucose, therefore it is a source of energy for muscles and nervous system. It is one of the most used in protein synthesis. Stimulates the production of antibodies.
13. Arginine (Arg): improves the immune system function, increasing the production of T lymphocytes. Involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. Neutralizes ammonia, so it detoxifies the liver.
14. Cysteine (Cys): contains sulfur so it is involved in the synthesis of collagen. It is antioxidant and helps the recovery of the brain in case of drug addiction or liver in case of alcoholism.
15.Glycine (Gly): functions as the neurotransmitter and cerebral tranquilizer. Prevents muscle degeneration.
16. Proline (Pro): is the main amino acid for the production of collagen so it is used to treat skin problems and arthritis.
17.Serine (Ser): acts as a moisturizer and moisturizer and intervenes in the formation of a multitude of substances of the body related to the muscular and immune system. From the serene the organism can synthesize tryptophan, glycine or cysteine. It acts in the metabolism of fats.
18. Tyrosine (Tyr): regulates the production of neurotransmitters such as dopamine or norepinephrine.
Other amino acids:
19. Glutamine: essential for good muscular and cerebral functioning. It helps to balance the pH. It prevents the loss of muscular mass in case of immobility by convalescence for example.
20. Orthin: improves muscle energy and helps eliminate ammonia. It boosts the formation of collagen and regenerates the liver.
21.Taurine: unlike the others is not part of the protein. Serves as a neurotransmitter and helps in the functioning of muscles and heart. It is also found to be part of the white blood cells and bile.
22.Asparagine: regulates the function of the central nervous system, helps to synthesize ammonia.
23. Carnitine: In a strict reading, carnitine is not an amino acid, but its composition is very similar. Its function is to contribute energy from the fats.